Keterhubungan antara Faktor Gangguan Menstruasi Mahasiswi STKIP Pasundan Cimahi
Keywords:aktivitas fisik,, gangguan menstruasi, status gizi, , usia menstruasi pertama
Menstrual disorders are a problem that is often found with the highest prevalence in late teens. If not treated, menstrual disorders can affect the quality of life and daily activities. Research on menstrual disorders in adolescents has not been done much in Indonesia. The purpose of this study was to determine how much the relationship between menstrual disorders in the Department of Sport and related factors. A cross sectional study was conducted on 57 STKIP Pasundan female students from the PJKR Department, using a questionnaire filled with guidance from researchers. Obtained respondents aged 18-22 years who are mostly Level I students (43.9%). Almost all (98.2%) of respondents experienced their first menstruation in the age range of 11-14 years. Most (66.7%) respondents have normal nutritional status. More than half (54.4%) of respondents were physically active. There were 63.2% of respondents who experienced menstrual disorders with the most types of disorders (91.7%) were other disorders related to menstruation, followed by menstrual disorders (25.0%), and menstrual cycle disorders (5.0%). There were no respondents who experienced menstrual volume disorders. Among respondents with other disorders related to menstruation, premenstrual syndrome was the most experienced (75.8%). There is a significant relationship between age, class, and physical activity with menstrual disorders. There is no significant relationship between the age of first menstruation and nutritional status with menstrual disorders
Cakir M, Mungan I, Karakas T, Girisken I, Okten A. 2007. Menstrual pattern and common menstrual disorders among university stu¬dents in Turkey. Pediatrics International. [disitasi 21 Januari 2009] 49(6):938-42. Diunduh dari: http://www3.inter-science.wiley.com/journal/118514616/abstract CRETRY= 1&SRETRY=0.
Harlow SD, Matanoski GM. The association between weight, physical activity, and stress and variation in the length of the menstrual cycle. 1991. Am J Epid. [disitasi 8 Februari 2009] 133(1):38-49.
Hirata M, Kumabe K, Inoue Y. Relationship between the fre-quency of menstrual pain and bodyweight in female adolescents. 2002. Nippon Koshu Eisei Zasshi. [disitasi 19 Januari 2009] 49(6):516-24. Diunduh dari: www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/ pubmed/12138714.
Vegas A, Juraini N, Rodiah, Rahayu N, Fajarini D, Annisa, et al. Pengetahuan, sikap, dan perilaku mahasiswi tentang dismenorea dan faktor-faktor yang berhubungan pada mahasiswi tingkat satu dan dua universitas “X” di Jakarta. 2004. Jakarta: Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Indonesia;
Warner P, Hilary ODC, Lumsden MA, Campbell-Brown M, Dou-glas A, Murray G. Referral for menstrual problems: cross sectional survey of symptoms, reasons for referral, and managment. Br Med J. 2001 [disitasi 21 Januari 2009] 323:24-8. Diunduh dari: http://www.bmj.com/cgi/content/abstract/323/7303/24.